June 11th, 2010, 02:43 AM
The black stone of kaabah=Cybele?
I was wondering if anyone had any information of reputable sources for the idea that the black stone in the Kaaba, is an meterorite/tektite that was originally worshiped as the goddess Cybele? Astro-space cults are pretty common in the pre-Abrahamic Near East, and I think this idea is fascinating....
According to wikipedia:
"The reverence of the Black Stone evidently preceded the rise of Islam. The Semitic cultures of the Middle East had a tradition of using unusual stones to mark places of worship, a phenomenon which is reflected in the Hebrew Bible as well as the Qur'an.
Grunebaum, in Classical Islam, says that the Kaaba was a place of pilgrimage even in pre-Islamic times, and was probably the only sanctuary built of stone, but that there are other sources which indicate there were other "Kaaba" structures in other parts of Arabia. A "red stone" was the deity of the south Arabian city of Ghaiman, and there was a "white stone" in the Ka'ba of al-Abalat (near the city of Tabala, south of Mecca). He points out that the experience of divinity of that time period was often associated with stone fetishes, mountains, special rock formations, or "trees of strange growth.""
According to crystallinks.com:
"The stone associated with Cybele's worship was, originally, probably at Pessinus but perhaps at Pergamum or on Mount Ida. What is certain is that in 204 BCE it was taken to Rome, where Cybele became 'Mother' to the Romans. The ecstatic rites of her worship were alien to the Roman temperament, but nevertheless animated the streets of their city during the annual procession of the goddess's statue. Alongside Isis, Cybele retained prominence in the heart of the Empire until the fifth century BCE - when the stone was then lost. Her cult prospered throughout the Empire and it is said that every town or village remained true to the worship of Cybele. "
// Something else i find interesting about this is the that Islamic calender is a Lunar one. The same with Judaism. Christianity(and secularized Western nations who have inherited Judeo-Christian intellectual history) use the Gregorian solar calender due to being co-opted by the Roman Empire back in 311.
here's a wiki on the Islamic calender, which also mentions the pre-islamic calender which was also believed to be Lunar: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_calendar -
I also wanted to include this depiction of Cybele...Notice the crescent Moon and Star in this pic. and compare it to the classic symbol of Islam: